Best Camera for Nature Photography: Top Picks for Wildlife Photos

Wildlife photography is right up there as one of the most popular pursuits for new photographers. There’s so much to capture in the great outdoors; the number of subjects to choose from is staggering. The thing is, nature photography means different things to different people.

The world of wildlife photography includes landscape photography, macro photography and everything in between. Your chosen subject will heavily influence the camera you choose and the gear you use with it.

This page will explore some of the best cameras out there for great nature photography. We’ll discuss their differences and what each camera is best for.

Types of Digital Camera for Nature Photography

The first thing to do is determine the type of camera you’re looking for. The best camera for your nature photography will depend on what you need it to achieve. Read our guide below to get a clearer picture. We feature a number of options for a range of budgets.


DSLR cameras are an incredibly versatile option that can accommodate a wide variety of different lenses. The power of this option lies in the ability to capture flexibly by switching lenses on the fly. Need to take a wide angle shot of a beautiful sunset? Switch to the right lens.

Need great low light performance? Switch to a lens that can deliver great low light performance results. Need to up your dynamic range? You get the picture. DSLR cameras come with built-in versatility. They’re not cheap, but they’re trusted by wildlife photographers around the world.


  • The ability to switch lenses makes them super versatile
  • The format is mature which means you shouldn’t have any trouble picking up compatible accessories
  • Excellent image quality and dynamic range


  • The mirror system in these cameras makes them significantly heavier than other options.
  • Even low-cost DSLRs are a big investment


As the name suggests, mirrorless cameras don’t use a mirror system to capture shots. As a result, they tend to be much lighter and easy to carry than a DSLR. Portability is an important consideration when it comes to nature photography.

A camera that’s easy to take with you can make outdoor shots much simpler. Some mirrorless cameras come with an integrated lens. While arguably less versatile, the increase in portability is worth it for some photographers. Companies like Sony offer some great mirrorless cameras with integrated lenses, for example.

In our opinion, the best mirrorless cameras for outdoor shots come with a system for using different lenses. A dedicated lens can struggle to offer enough dynamic range, iso range, or general flexibility.

Mirrorless Pros

  • Generally lighter and more portable than DSLRs
  • Some options are still flexible with interchangeable lenses
  • More powerful sensor options than a point-and-shoot

Mirrorless Cons

  • The format is less mature meaning there’s slightly less choice available
  • These are not cheap cameras


Some pros turn their noses up at point-and-shoot options. The reality is, however, that not everyone can afford to fork out $2000+ on a brand new premium camera. Brands like Canon, Nikon and Sony offer some point-and-shoots that can still deliver high-quality shots.

These options use a dedicated lens which means you’re sacrificing some versatility and power for a lower price point. These cameras can be a great jack-of-all-trades for photographers on a budget. In the right conditions, they can still get excellent results.

If your needs are more general and you’re not after anything pro-grade, it might be best to choose one of the cameras below. We’ve featured options that are our top choice in this category. They deliver a surprising level of performance considering their format.

Point-and-Shoot Pros

  • Usually much more affordable
  • More compact and lightweight

Point-and-Shoot Cons

  • Less versatility from a dedicated lens
  • Much smaller sensors
  • Fewer manual control options

Best Camera for Nature Photography: Our favorite DSLRs and Mirrorless options

1. Nikon D850 DSLR

The Nikon D850 is one of the best cameras out there for nature photography in our opinion. It’s a full-frame sensor DSLR with fantastic low light performance, 4K video and a brilliant af system.

The af system on this DSLR camera comes with a whopping 153 af points. This translates to a camera that can capture stunning detail for your nature photography. The “3-D tracking” makes it easy to follow moving subjects like animals.

The 4k video options are also great for nature photography. This camera can produce some jaw-dropping time-lapse videos of nature.


  • Loads of af points for crisp nature photography shots
  • High-resolution shots at five fps
  • Compatible with Nikon’s NIKKOR lenses


  • The autofocus is powerful, but it takes some getting used to

2. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV DSLR

A number of features on the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV make it one of the best cameras out there for those interested in nature photography. The powerful shooting speed, battery life and image quality add up to a fantastic package.

This is another full-frame camera. This gives users increased flexibility to capture everything they’re shooting. With a continuous shooting speed of up to 7 frames per second, moving subjects should be no match for the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV.

This option from Canon is weather sealed, offering some much-needed protection when shooting outside. The Canon EOS line is well-known for its stunning range of lenses. Nature photography is all about versatility, so it’s important to choose a camera with a sensor that can handle the right lenses.

The 30.4 megapixel, CMOS sensor on this Canon EOS camera can handle a huge catalogue of high-performance lenses.


  • Great frame rate for fast-moving, continuous shots
  • Weather sealed for outdoor protection
  • Powerful, flexible sensor
  • Great image stabilization


  • The 4K 1:7 zoom ratio can make 4K videos a bit fiddly

3. Sony a6500 APS-C Mirrorless Camera

Over the past few years, Sony has done a phenomenal job of cornering the mirrorless camera market. Their range of cameras in this category has a great reputation – and for good reason. The Sony a6500 APS-C is a great option for nature photography.

The interchangeable lens system, fantastic iso range and staggering number of af points make this our top choice for mirrorless camera.

There are 425 af focus points on the a6500. This makes it astonishingly easy to tune into your subject with a high level of detail. Combine this with Sony’s “lock on” and image stabilization features, and you’re dealing with a device that’s perfect for capturing moving subjects.

Color accuracy and light performance are important in any genre of photography. In wildlife photography, the range of colors and lighting conditions on display is huge. The high dynamic range on this camera makes it easier to achieve an excellent level of color accuracy in multiple conditions.


  • Weather sealing protects from moisture and dust
  • 425 point af system
  • Powerful APS-C sensor
  • Frame rate of up to 11 fps


  • The touch-screen LCD isn’t very responsive

4. Olympus OM-D E-M1X Mirrorless Camera

Outdoor photography can involve a lot of moving around. Readjusting your grip on your camera can cause a surprising number of delays and image noise. The body of this option from Olympus handles ergonomics with a capital ‘E’.

The body of this camera is equally comfortable to hold whether in a vertical or horizontal orientation. The comparatively lightweight body of this model really shines when it comes to telephoto shots. It’s possible to attach a huge telephoto lens to this bad boy and still take shots using just one hand.

This is among the best cameras we’ve seen for portable, telephoto shots.

The ISO range on the OM-D E-M1X is nice and wide, giving you plenty of flexibility for both low light and bright light scenarios. Moving subjects are also easy to handle thanks to the fantastic image stabilization system that keeps moving subjects in focus.

Speaking of focus, this camera uses 121 af points with cross-type phase detection. This further boosts this device’s ability to capture fast-moving subjects.


  • Super-fast focusing with 121 af points
  • Flexible ISO range
  • Great ergonomic design
  • Two batteries for excellent battery life


  • The UI for menus is a bit overwhelming at first

5. Nikon COOLPIX P900

If you’re going to use a dedicated lens setup, this camera definitely packs a punch. The 83x optical zoom on this model is amazing for getting up close and personal from a distance. This is great for photography involving birds and similar animals.

This shooting speed on the P900 is fantastic for a point-and-shoot. You can take shot after shot with virtually no lag at all. Continuous shooting is easy with this camera. The ISO range here is among the best we’ve seen on a camera in this category.

Even night-time shots come out crisp and detailed. A lot of outdoor photography involves stunning time lapse sequences. The P900 has a fantastic set of automatic time lapse options that produce beautiful videos with excellent levels of consistency.

The built-in GPS is a nice touch for nature photography that involves multiple locations. Wi-fi and NFC connectivity is also included out of the box.

This is a relatively expensive option in the world of point-and-shoot photography. However, the increased price brings the power and responsiveness that outdoor photography calls for.


  • Fantastic x86 optical zoom
  • Great built-in Wi-fi and GPS
  • Fast continuous shooting


  • Quite heavy for a point-and-shoot

2. Panasonic FZ80K

This is an excellent option if you do a lot of landscape photography. The FZ80K features a wide angle lens capable of capturing natural landscapes in all their glory. The built-in panoramic wide shot features make it super-easy to capture shots you’re proud of.

If you spot a feature in the landscape you’d like to hone in on, the 60x optical zoom should be more than enough to get in close and personal. Low light performance is decent on this model; evening and sunset shots look beautiful with minimal effort. Continuous shooting is possible at up to 10fps.

Panasonic has designed this machine to be an excellent “all-rounder” and it appears to have worked. This is a surprisingly versatile device that will do a fantastic job in most outdoor photography environments.


  • Brilliant landscape pictures
  • 60x optical zoom
  • Relatively powerful sensor


  • The lens fogs up quite easily


Wildlife Photography – Features to Look out For

If you’re still unsure which model to go for, take a look at our guide below. It outlines some of the most important features to look out for when looking at new cameras.

Frames Per Second

The fps of a device determines how well it captures shots at speed. The higher the fps, the better your results when shooting continuously. A good baseline to look out for is 5fps. Anything lower than this and you’re likely to be disappointed.

Sony is well-known for producing super-fast cameras capable of 12+fps. If you’re likely to be shooting lots of moving subjects, a higher fps is worth considering.

RAW Files

Depending on the type of work you’re doing, the ability to save RAW files when shooting can significantly boost your options in post production. The RAW format gives you much more flexibility when editing the look of your photos later on.

ISO Range

Your camera’s sensitivity to light is determined by its ISO range. The higher the range, the more flexible it will be for a wide variety of lighting conditions. A “normal” range is typically around 200 – 1600, but more premium options can go much higher.

Battery Life

Poor battery life can really let you down when taking photos outside. If you’re miles away from a charging point, you need a machine that can run for a long time. Look for options with:

  • Fast charging times
  • Long-lasting batteries
  • Multi-battery extras

Cameras with light, affordable batteries are a great option; packing a couple of spares when on the move can save you a lot of time and headache.

Dynamic Range

When shooting outdoors, you’re likely to encounter a wide range of colors and lighting conditions. Cameras with a good dynamic range are capable of maintaining high levels of accuracy in a broader spectrum of lighting conditions. Check each model’s dynamic range state before purchasing.

Live View

Live view is the view you get through the LCD of your device. It provides you with crucial information when composing your shot. It’s best to pick models with high-performing live view LCDs. Consider the following:

  • Does the LCD pivot and rotate to accommodate multiple shooting positions
  • Is it a touchscreen? Does this matter to me?
  • How accurate is the image displayed on the LCD?

Use these questions to find the best model for your requirements outdoors. A laggy or inaccurate viewfinder can really let you down in certain contexts.


It seems obvious, but it’s worth mentioning just in case. The megapixels on offer don’t paint the whole picture. However, low resolution cameras are likely to let you down when tackling the long list of challenges presented by wildlife shots.


You may have noticed when reading through this page that there’s a whole lot of choice out there. If you’re a beginner, this may feel a bit overwhelming. The thing about outdoor photography is that it’s very varied; the type of photos being taken can differ hugely from person to person.

To help narrow down your search, try asking yourself the following questions:

  • Do I need a camera that takes great close-up shots, great wide shots, or both?
  • Am I likely to be working in lots of different lighting conditions?
  • Am I interested in animal photography, or do landscapes appeal to me more?
  • Will I be taking photos in one or two places, or am I likely to be moving around lots from place to place?
  • Can I afford to splash out, or do I need a more conservative option?

These questions are designed to get you thinking about your requirements for nature photography. The clearer you are about what you actually need your device to do, the easier it will be to find the right model.

Another consideration worth mentioning is how future-proof you need your new tool to be. If you’re planning on expanding your kit as you become more familiar with the art form, a model that accepts multiple lenses might be your best bet.

There’s no point buying a >$300 point-and-shoot if you plan on building up to pro-grade shots in a couple of years. A more versatile DSLR or mirrorless model can come with built-in “future proofing” for lens upgrades further down the line.

Whichever brand and model you go for, we hope you have fun shooting with it!

Best Camera for Newborn Photography: Top Picks and Reviews

Any parent of a newborn baby will tell you how quickly the first few years go by. It’s a challenge to capture those first moments before they’re gone forever. Newborn photography takes a fair bit of patience and trial and error to get right.

Without the right camera, baby pictures can be a nightmare to capture. Without a camera with features like image stabilization to increase your control, you might be disappointed by the end result.

So what’s the best camera for newborn photography? Read on to learn more.

Types of Camera for Newborn Photography

Depending on your budget, there are a few different types of camera that you might want to consider. Newborn photography doesn’t have to cost the earth, but if you can afford to invest in the right equipment, your photos will more consistently come out with the image quality you need.

DSLR Cameras

DSLR cameras are used by plenty of newborn photographers thanks to their versatility and responsiveness. The great thing about a DSLR is you can switch lenses on the fly to suit your needs. This flexibility increases your level of control when shooting.

You’re much more likely to produce high-quality newborn photography if your camera can handle a wide variety of tasks. The manual settings on a DSLR offer further control over your work.

DSLR Pros:

  • Versatile cameras
  • Usually have great image quality
  • Plenty of choice available
  • Used by professional photographers

DSLR Cons:

  • They can be quite bulky, especially with certain lenses
  • DSLR isn’t the cheapest option out there

Mirrorless Cameras

As you may have guessed, mirrorless cameras work without any mirrors. What this means for consumers is that mirrorless cameras are significantly lighter and less bulky than some DSLR options. If you want to capture newborn shots yourself, a lighter camera might be the wise move.

Brands like Sony produce some excellent mirrorless products that produce stunning photos with remarkable image quality. You have a choice between products with a dedicated lens that can’t be switched or you can choose a model with an interchangeable lens system instead.

Mirrorless Camera Pros:

  • Easier to carry around with you
  • Can produce beautiful photos
  • A more modern format
  • Can offer great manual control options

Mirrorless Camera Cons:

  • Can be quite expensive
  • Less choice available

Point-and-Shoot Cameras

Newborn photographers don’t usually use point-and-shoot cameras, but that doesn’t mean they can’t produce great newborn shots. In fact, if you’re looking to capture shots at home, a point-and-shoot might be perfect.

If your main goal is having a lasting memory of your newborn, these cameras can do a great job. Point-and-shoots are generally considered a jack-of-all-trades option that’s significantly cheaper than other cameras. They use one dedicated lens designed to handle most tasks reasonably well.

Point-and-Shoot Pros:

  • More affordable
  • Easy for beginners
  • Designed for consumers rather than photographers

Point-and-Shoot Cons:

  • Use smaller sensors and less powerful lenses
  • Can struggle in low light conditions
  • Fewer manual control options

Best Cameras for Newborn Photography

The list below contains some of our top picks for cameras well-suited to newborn photography.

1. Fujifilm X-T30

This mirrorless option strikes a welcome balance between cheap and crazy-expensive. It comes with a suite of features that make baby photography much simpler.

The APS-C sensor on this camera is more than capable of capturing beautiful newborn shots. Fujifilm has included some great face-tracking, image stabilization and auto focus considerations with this camera. A newborn is far from a still subject. The best cameras can keep a wriggling newborn in focus!

To avoid disturbing your baby when shooting, the silent shutter mode on this model will keep things nice and quiet. The X-T30 also does a great job in both low light and bright conditions, giving you plenty of flexibility and control when shooting.


  • Does well in low light conditions
  • Great APS-C sensor
  • Silent shutter mode


  • The control buttons are a little fiddly for newbies

2. Canon EOS 5D Mark III

This full-frame DSLR is definitely not a budget option. However, the EOS 5D line is one of the strongest camera lines Canon has ever produced. These devices are trusted by photographers around the world – and for good reason.

The 5D Mark III can shoot continuously at 6fps, making it easier for you to get the perfect shot. The 61-point autofocus system locks on to subjects with ultra-sharp precision. Your baby will always be in focus.


  • One of the best camera lines on the market
  • Full-frame camera
  • Award-winning design


  • Quite expensive
  • Fairly heavy

3. Nikon Coolpix B500

This is an option that will leave you plenty of money left over for nappies! The Nikon B500 is a very reasonably priced point-and-shoot with plenty of bang for your buck.

The Coolpix B500 was designed with usability in mind. Even a complete novice shouldn’t have too much trouble with this camera. The UI and control buttons are easy to use, and the 16-megapixel lens does a great job in well-lit conditions.

This camera comes with a battery life for up to 1240 shots, giving you plenty of time to get the great images you’re looking for. When you first start to take photos of babies, you soon learn that it’s a process of trial and error until you get the photo you want.


  • An excellent budget camera
  • Easy to use
  • Decent battery life


  • Nikon’s wireless “Snapbridge” app for transferring shots needs some work

4. Sony Alpha A7 III

This is a full-frame, mirrorless camera that delivers astonishing results. If you’re looking for the best possible photos of your baby, this is an excellent choice. The color accuracy, dynamic range and manual control settings on the A7 III make it one of the best mirrorless options on the market for the price.

You may have noticed that babies don’t always love sudden noises. The silent mode on this camera does a great job of capturing stealthy shots quickly. Other factors like image stabilization, continuous shooting and shutter speed are all up-to-par.

This option isn’t cheap, but it’s hard to deny quality like this.


  • Full-frame camera
  • Superb, consistent results
  • Relatively lightweight


  • Complicated controls
  • Expensive

5. Olympus OM-D E-M10

At number five, we’re back in the land of the reasonably-priced. The onboard image processing capabilities of the OM-D E-M10 are remarkable considering the price point. This is particularly noticeable when it comes to reducing image noise. Even a novice can take fantastic shots with this camera.

This ease of use is boosted by the adjustable tilt-LCD that’s designed with convenience in mind.

Once you’ve got the images you need, it’s super-easy to share them with loved ones via the built-in Wi-fi feature. No matter where you are with your baby, the lightweight and compact body of this model should make it much easier to take shots on the go.


  • Great connectivity features
  • Reasonably priced
  • The housing is well-designed to protect from dust


  • The body could be more durable

6. Canon EOS R

The lens adapter on this mirrorless camera means it plays well with Canon’s wide range of phenomenal DSLR lenses. In many contexts, this can give you a wonderful blend of mirrorless convenience with DSLR flexibility.

If you’re looking for a versatile camera that can tackle any newborn photography scenario you throw at it, this is a great choice. The electronic shutter on this model will leave even the most sensitive newborn undisturbed.

Other features that make the EOS R well worth considering include the powerful sensor, fantastic autofocus system and rock-solid low light performance.


  • Works with Canon’s DSLR lenses
  • Silent shutter
  • Excellent image quality


  • Not a budget option

7. Pentax KP DSLR

The APS-C, CMOS sensor on this offering from Pentax makes it a great contender for best camera for newborn photography. This device produces images with a great level of color accuracy and dynamic range considering the price.

Pentax’s “pixel shift resolution system” does a decent job of correcting for things like motion blur, something you might find useful when shooting images of your little one. The relatively compact body of the KP makes it easy to reposition to get the shot just right.

The ISO sensitivity on this camera is much higher than average, giving you extra control in a broad range of lighting conditions.


  • High ISO Sensitivity
  • Great at reducing motion blur
  • Compact build


  • This camera isn’t compatible with most IR remotes

8. Panasonic LUMIX LX10

If this was a list dedicated to point-and-shoot cameras, this one would be near the top of our list. This is a brilliant option for beginners and has a large enough sensor for intermediate photographers too. The great thing about cameras like this is they’re designed to be intuitive.

With virtually no experience, you’ll be capturing stunning 4K video and high-resolution images of your newborn in no time. The manual shooting mode on the LX10 gives you a surprising amount of control when working.

The included Wi-Fi connectivity features make it trivial to share your baby pictures online quickly. If you want to capture memories with both you and your baby, the tilting selfie LCD works very well and is easy to operate.


  • Good for beginners and intermediate photographers
  • Stunning 4K video
  • Built-in Wi-Fi


  • For this price, you’re not far off an entry-level DSLR

9. Nikon D5600

Last, but certainly not least, on our list in the Nikon D5600. Baby photography comes in all shapes and sizes. Each photographer’s situation is likely to vary. The built-in auto and scene modes on the d5600 do a fantastic job of adapting on the fly.

Users are free to choose between natural, color-accurate shots, vivid images or something in between. If you want extra control over your newborn pictures, the manual settings let you tweak everything in fine detail.

Good cameras for newborn images make it easy to capture beautiful moments lightning-fast. Babies have a habit of doing something adorable right up until you try to take a photo. The continuous shooting mode on the D5600 captures tons of images every second.


  • Effective scene modes
  • Fine manual controls
  • Never miss a moment with continuous shooting


  • The app Nikon uses for their connectivity features doesn’t work very well



The best camera for newborn photography is one that fits your budget and expectations. Have a think about the calibre of images you’re hoping to achieve. If you’re considering cameras for newborn images that are studio-quality, you can probably afford some of the more premium options on our list.

Remember that this isn’t necessarily the right way to go. Reasonably-priced compact cameras can still capture gorgeous shots of your little one. It’s all about figuring out what works for your family.

Whichever camera you choose, we hope you get the photos you’re looking for!

Camera Phone vs Digital Camera: Head to Head Comparison

The image quality produced by good smartphone cameras is absolutely staggering compared to the early 2000s camera phone. Software optimizations, sensor improvements, and overall innovations have turned smartphone cameras into a genuinely good option for taking beautiful photographs.

So what’s the point in a digital camera then? If smartphone cameras are so great, why spend hundreds or even thousands of dollars on a redundant product? Well, because that’s an over-simplification. Digital cameras still outperform smartphone cameras in several key areas.

It’s less about which is better, and more about which is better for you. This article will explore the camera phone VS digital camera debate. We’ll outline the different types of digital camera available, comparing image quality, low light performance and everything in between.

Types of Digital Camera

Not all smartphones are created equal; the same is true of digital cameras. If we’re going to settle the camera phone vs digital camera debate, we’ll need to understand the kind of cameras we’re comparing smartphones to.

Digital Cameras – DSLRs

A DSLR camera is still a photographer-favorite around the world. DSLR is a digital camera format that’s reached a strong level of maturity over the past five or so years. What this means, is that the number of available cameras and accessories is huge.

The main strength of DSLR cameras that smartphones lack is the ability to physically change the camera lens you’re shooting with. It’s true that most flagship smartphones come with two or three lens options these days, but a DSLR can accommodate endless variety.

Want to boost your dynamic range? Low-light performance? Image quality? There’s a lens for that. Of course, this all comes at a premium, but the versatility that comes with an interchangeable lens system makes these cameras worth it for the committed photographer.

Digital Cameras – Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless cameras are a more modern format that uses a mirrorless system to take photos. The main advantage of this type of camera is that they’re much lighter and compact compared to your typical DSLR.

A good mirrorless camera uses an interchangeable lens system for the same level of versatility as a DLSR. Similar to a smartphone camera, these devices use a digital shutter, which allows for silent image capturing.

The max frame rate on a high-end mirrorless option will far outpace your average camera phone, however.

Digital Cameras – Point-and-Shoot

Point-and-shoot cameras are often outpaced by a high-end camera phone these days. They’re designed as easy-to-use, entry-level devices that still produce decent image quality.

The main reason that this type of camera is sometimes outperformed by a camera phone is that they’re typically marketed at the cheaper end of the price spectrum. A premium point-and-shoot camera can still run circles around a camera phone in certain contexts.

Camera Phone vs Digital Camera – Sensor Size

The sensor of a camera, whether in a camera phone or a digital camera, is what determines the capabilities of the machine. Camera sensors on a flagship smartphone are a masterclass in efficient design.

They have to be capable of producing stunning shots in a comparatively minuscule form factor. The past five or so years of camera phone development have truly pushed the envelope when it comes to sensor performance.

The thing is though, sometimes size really does matter. A high-end digital camera sensor just has so much more real estate to work with. A larger sensor size means that every pixel your digital camera has to work with is more responsive to light input. In short, more size means more power.

A full-frame digital sensor expands things to a range that a smartphone camera can’t get close to. One day, new advances in camera technology will make the dedicated digital camera a distant memory. For now though, sensor size is one of the things that keeps them relevant.

Low-Light Performance

Larger sensors and more powerful lenses allow digital cameras to perform much better in low-light conditions. A good digital camera comes with an ISO range that camera phones just can’t touch. ISO range determines a camera’s sensitivity to light.

The more range you have to play with, the more flexible your camera will be in a range of lighting conditions. Backlighting can be a huge challenge for camera phones. When light is coming from behind your subject, automatic settings like exposure and ISO adjustments can kick in and wash out your image.

A powerful camera performs much better at adapting to these tricky shooting scenarios.

While it’s true that low-light performance is still an area where camera phones struggle, it’s worth mentioning that some incredible progress has been made in the past few years.

Google’s development of “Night Sight“, a post-processing feature that dramatically improves low-light performance, has redefined the camera phone vs digital camera debate when it comes to poor lighting conditions. Smartphones still have some catching up to do, but they’re getting there.

Phone VS Digital – Manual Controls

Automatic settings are fantastic… until they get in your way. In certain contexts, the photographer will simply know better than the camera. In these situations, you need good manual controls. The available options vary wildly from smartphone to smartphone but in general, they leave a lot to be desired.

A good digital camera will let you control every aspect of your image. Lighting conditions, composition, white balance, colour palette and movement are all incredibly hard to predict from moment to moment. Being able to adjust on the fly can take your photography to the next level.

The manual control options on smartphones can still offer some great functionality. It would be unfair to say that all phones aren’t photographer friendly. Even the “simple is better” iPhone has some decent manual controls these days.

The “Ultra” line of phones from Samsung come with some very granular settings options for tweaking photos to your heart’s content. If you can get over the idea of controlling them with a slippery touchscreen, they do a great job.

Third-party android apps can take your smartphone camera controls to the next level. While they don’t necessarily offer the same level of control as digital cameras, it would be unfair to say that every smartphone is bad with manual controls.

The trouble is that even with all the tweaking in the world, the smaller sensor on a smartphone still might not be up to scratch.

Smartphone VS Camera – Auto Modes

This is one area that smartphones can sometimes hold their own in. Developments in deep learning AI and automatic software on smartphones over the past few years has lead to some seriously high-quality automatic performance.

The names that spring to mind include Google’s line of Pixel phones, Samsung’s flagships and, of course, the iPhone. These three names continue to test the limits of what is possible on a high-quality smartphone camera.

While automatic settings aren’t always enough, they do a fantastic job for a large proportion of most reasonable photography scenarios. The power that comes with being able to point your phone at something, press a button and trust that it will know what to do is hard to deny.

This isn’t to suggest that digital cameras don’t have good automatic modes themselves, it’s just that smartphones aren’t always outshone so obviously in this category. Brands like Sony are well-known for delivering mirrorless camera after mirrorless camera that consistently delivers excellent automatic performance.

Canon’s line of cameras, with excellent “scene” modes, also deserves an honorable mention. One area of the automatic world where a traditional camera still does much better than a smartphone is autofocus.

Autofocus Points

We’re about to oversimplify things in this section, but bear with us. As a general rule, the more autofocus points a camera has, the better it is at keeping things in focus. Typically, phone cameras use three types of autofocus:

  • Contrast detection
  • Phase detection (higher-end models)
  • Laser autofocus (rare – some camera phones)

While these three phone camera systems work well, they’re just not the same as what a professional photographer is used to.

The scope for autofocus on a digital camera system is much, much broader. A camera used by a professional photographer will likely have upwards of 50 focus points. This is especially useful for photography focused on moving subjects.

The higher the focus point count, the easier it will be to keep moving things in focus.

Phone VS DSLR – Optical Zoom

The iPhone and its competitors are capable of some jaw-dropping photography. Even a complete novice can take a photo that impresses on a flagship mobile phone. One area of photography where a phone can struggle, however, is zooming in on a subject.

In perhaps the past three years, cameras on mobile phones have exploded in terms of performance. Most flagships now sport two or three incredible portable lenses. One of these is typically an “all rounder” lens and another is often a wide angle or telephoto option.

These lenses have certainly made it easier to take great photos, but they still rely on digital zoom. As is often the case in this kind of discussion, it all comes down to size. Mobile phones just don’t have the space to include a proper optical zoom lens.

For example, Samsung’s top-of-the-range flagship, the S20 Ultra, offers a 4X zoom. While impressive for a phone, this is absolutely tiny compared to even an entry-level compact camera. When you use a software-based zoom, you’re essentially cropping a pre-existing image.

It doesn’t take long before your photo begins to suffer. Phone cameras can zoom fairly well these days, but it will be a few more years at least before they can compete with traditional cameras.

Image Processing

The sensor and lens is only half the battle when it comes to good photography. Image processing can work wonders and turn even a mediocre photo into something beautiful. Both traditional cameras and smartphones take advantage of some staggering software magic.

Take Google for instance. The search giant is first and foremost a software company. Decades of software development go into the Android platform. The Pixel line of smartphones in particular, feature some phenomenal processing that turns relatively underpowered lenses into powerhouses.

Artificial focus points, advanced tracking, AI predictions and everything in between go into a device that’s remarkably intelligent at knowing how to make an image good on the fly.

The space available to traditional cameras means they have considerably more power to play with in this area.

On-Board Processing

More physical space means more room for dedicated image processing chips and color correcting hardware. These lead to an end result that is often far more impressive than that produced by a smartphone.

The more powerful processing options on traditional cameras also give users increased flexibility when editing their shots manually. Saving in the RAW format is a given on basically all modern cameras. With smartphones, it’s hit and miss.

On-Camera Focus Stacking

Focus stacking is a process whereby multiple images of the same subject are combined to produce a superior focus than would be impossible from a single image. Traditionally, focus stacking relied on propriety external software that would be used in post production by professional photographers.

While this is still the case, some of the best modern cameras offer on-board focus stacking. Say you’re taking photos of something super-detailed like jewellery. The intricate lines and details can be very difficult to capture. Focus stacking can make this kind of photo much simpler.

Nikon and Sony produce some fantastic cameras with on-camera focus stacking.

Camera phone Pros

After reading this article, you’d be forgiven for concluding that we don’t like smartphone cameras, but this simply isn’t true! While traditional cameras outperform smartphones in several areas, this doesn’t necessarily mean they’re worth the extra money for everyone.

They’re Always With You

The reality is, the best camera is the one you have with you. If a time-sensitive photo opportunity presents itself, your main priority is going to be capturing it. Quickly grabbing your mobile, which is always in your pocket, and taking a shot will probably produce an amazing photo at least 80% of the time.

They’re Multi-Purpose

A traditional camera is just… a camera. A smartphone can take phenomenal photos while doing a million other tasks for you. For most people, it just comes down to cost. Your average Android or iPhone costs somewhere around the $1000 mark. This is also true for a mid to premium-range camera.

Most people can only afford one or the other, not both. Traditional cameras are increasingly becoming the tool of the enthusiast rather than the casual photographer.

Their Photo Software is Incredible

Some traditional cameras have great on-board software, but their UI and ease of use can be very hit and miss. Mobiles have to be convenient and easy to use or they simply wouldn’t sell. What’s more, the best options come with processing and auto modes that are truly staggering.

The bleeding edge of mobile phone photography is incredibly competitive and will only become more impressive as the years go on.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is Better – a Smartphone or a Digital Camera?

In terms of raw performance, probably a traditional camera. In terms of portability and convenience, a phone is often more than good enough. It all comes down to the individual user and what they need out of their device.

What’s the Best Smartphone Camera?

Either the Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra or the iPhone 12 Pro. Both options are seriously impressive and are unlikely to disappoint. In most cases, your favorite will come down to personal preference. Both options have their own approach to saturation and how “warm” their images look.

What’s the Best Traditional Camera?

This depends quite heavily on your use case, but the Canon 5D Mark IV is a phenomenal choice. The Sony A7 III also deserves a mention.

What’s the Best Camera Brand?

For mirrorless cameras – probably Sony. For DSLRs it’s a tough question, but both Canon and Nikon consistently deliver on quality and performance. It’s worth mentioning that your specific photography needs will strongly influence the best camera for you.



Camera phone photography has come leaps and bounds since their inception. While traditional cameras are capable of producing far superior results in many contexts, the question is whether this raw performance is worth it for the average consumer.

If you’re a professional photographer then it’s likely to be no question; a traditional camera will be your best option time after time. However, if your main goal is to take great pictures of your friends and what you get up to, a phone will likely be more than enough.

You can line up countless shots taken by pro-grade cameras and compare them to the results of your average phone and most people probably will be able to see the difference. The question is, does this difference represent $1000- 2000 worth of value? Maybe – it depends on who you are.

Best Camera for Interviews: 10 Picks For Great Shooting

Surprisingly, one thing that novice interviewers forget when starting out is how important it is to get a decent camera for their interviews.

It’s so easy to get caught up in the questions you’re going to ask and how you’re going to steer the conversation, that finding a decent camera can be pushed to the back of your mind.

Unfortunately, the best interview in the world will be a let-down if you can’t hear the answers given or see the person being interviewed. Finding a camera that will serve you well is an important first step in becoming a good interviewer.

This post will list some of the best cameras for interviews. We’ll discuss a range of options from the budget all the way up to the luxury ticket items. We’ll also run through some important factors to think about when preparing your interview setup.

Read on to make sure your gear is interview-ready.

Best Camera for Interviews: Our Favorite Picks

If we were to switch careers and become interviewers, these are the cameras we’d use.

1. Sony Alpha 7 Mirrorless Camera

This is one of Sony’s many mirrorless cameras that come with high-quality video capabilities. The hybrid autofocus system and stellar image stabilization features make his one of the best video tools for interviewers. It’s easy to use and the lightweight build makes it super-easy to take with you.

The full-frame lens on the A7 gives you plenty of crop-free space to work with. A great interview video is stable and consistent. Sony has built a fantastic reputation for producing products that deliver excellent video quality every time.

Your interviews will be stable, crisp and hassle-free. It’s not the cheapest option out there, but it’s a strong contender for Sony’s best camera.


  • Great video and audio quality
  • Compact and easy to use
  • Compatible with E & A mount lenses
  • Full-frame sensor


  • The low-light performance could be better

2. ORDRO 4K Video Camera

This is a fantastic 4k video camera that delivers professional-grade, high-quality films. The onboard image processing on this offering from ORDRO blasts through your shots quickly and efficiently. Interviewers need to move quickly and deliver work with a high level of consistency.

The best video camera will make it easy to work under pressure. The simple UI, handy touchscreen LCD and brilliant image quality all go a long way to make your interviewing tasks easier. Further bumps to productivity come in the form of a bonus IR remote and extra battery.

The stereo microphone on this model adds a welcome boost to audio quality to keep your interviews crisp and clear. It’s possible to use this 4k video camera while charging, making it an excellent choice for those long days with endless interviews.


  • Packed with productivity-focused extras
  • One of our favorite video cameras
  • Included stereo microphone


  • No optical zoom

3. Fujifilm X-T4

The stunning video performance on the X-T4 makes it one of the best cameras for interviews. The in-body (as opposed to digital) image stabilization keeps your videos steady and stable throughout. Video cameras are worthless if their videos are shaking all over the place.

Fujifilm has updated the face tracking and autofocus software on the X-T4 to keep your interviewee sharply in focus for every second of your video. We recommend picking up the optional vertical battery grip for this model. It adds two extra batteries for a much-needed boost to battery life.

With or without the grip, the enhanced battery performance on the X-T4 holds up quite well to scrutiny. If you can afford to invest in a more premium camera, this Fujifilm will prove a fantastic addition to your interview arsenal.


  • Some of the best video face tracking we’ve seen
  • Optional battery boost from the extra grip
  • Also produces stunning stills


  • You’ll need to attach an external microphone to guarantee good audio recording

4. Sony CX405

If this article was titled “best camera for interviews – budget edition”, the CX405 would at the top of our list. If you need an interview camera that can get the job done without breaking the bank, this is a video camera that’s well worth considering.

While the audio recording isn’t ground-breaking, you’ll have plenty of money left over for external microphones, which are virtually a must-have anyway! Sony’s “steadyshot” and “BIONZ X image processing engine” work in tandem to produce some pretty impressive video considering the price.

There’s a suite of nifty software features that make this an attractive product for those who want to shoot interviews effectively. The dual shooting mode lets users record videos in two formats simultaneously, boosting flexibility in post production.

The face detection, intelligent auto and anti-motion blur make this an excellent budget interview camera. Just make sure you consider an external microphone for consistent audio quality.


  • Great price
  • Surprisingly good image quality
  • Dual recording mode


  • The microphone isn’t very impressive

5. Canon Powershot G7 X Mark III

This option from Canon is geared towards video content creators. For our money, it’s their best video camera in this category. The design is built from the ground up to produce excellent video with an easy-to-use control system.

Expect fantastic 4K videos, brilliant audio flexibility thanks to the 3.5mm mic input and buttery-smooth recordings at 120 frames per second. Canon has been putting a lot of thought into their video cameras in recent years and this really shows on the G7 X Mark III.

The Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity features make it refreshingly easy to share your interviews on social media. If you’re streaming an interview live, it’s possible to stream live to your YouTube channel if you login with your details.

Canon produces a modest range of external microphones that are compatible with this camera right out of the box. The low-light performance of the Mark III is very strong; your interviews will still look great even if your setup isn’t perfect.


  • Excellent live-streaming and sharing options
  • 120 frames per second video
  • One of Canon’s most well-thought-out video cameras


  • Quite pricey for a compact
  • The autofocus is disappointing compared to Canon’s other cameras

6. Canon EOS 80D

If you need a camera that’s good for both interviews and still images, the EOS 80D is a great choice. Canon promises “professional quality sound” for filmmakers. Canon sells a range of lenses that are well-suited to video recording.

The flexibility of a DSLR like this means you can tweak your setup to your heart’s content to get your interviews just right. The manual controls on the EOS 80D allow you to fine tune your interviews in great detail.

Your options for frame rate and codec are reasonably varied on this model, giving you plenty of flexibility for how you film your interviews. Videos can be recorded in either MP4 or MOV formats.

Canon’s fantastic utility software allows users to connect a PC to their camera from anywhere for speedy file transfers and post production tasks.


  • Good audio out of the box
  • Granular manual controls
  • Canon’s utility software comes in handy


  • Quite expensive

7. Panasonic Lumix FZ80

This is a compact, no-nonsense camera that produces great video at up to 30 frames per second. The Panasonic Lumix line is a step above “bargain basement” while still maintaining an affordable price point.

If you’re looking for a point-and-shoot camera that can hold its own, this is a great option. Cameras for interviews should make it easy for you to keep on eye on your setup and video results. This Panasonic camera does exactly that.

The viewfinder of the FZ80 is surprisingly high-resolution at 1170k dots, meaning you’ll always have a crystal clear view of the subjects in your interviews. The built-in Wi-Fi feature and “travel ready” design considerations on this camera make it a great choice for the busy interviewer.


  • An affordable video camera
  • Full HD at 30 fps
  • Decent dynamic range


  • Doesn’t do too well in low-light scenarios

8. Canon Vixia HF R800 Video Camera

This is another strong contender for “best camera for interviews”. The color reproduction, optical image stabilization, x57 zoom lens and ergonomic design make this an excellent camera for an intermediate or beginner interviewer.

The controls, settings UI and overall design on this camera are laughably simple to get to grips with. It shouldn’t be a challenge to get started, even if you’re a complete novice. The HF R800 plays nicely with virtually any external mic that uses a standard input.

Flexibility for accessories like tripods is also well thought out here. Overall, this is one of our favorite cameras for interviews.


  • x57 zoom lens
  • Audio input for externals mics
  • Fantastic color reproduction


  • If you like strong manual controls, this camera isn’t for you

9. Sony Alpha A6000 Mirrorless Camera

The APS-C, CMOS sensor on this mirrorless camera from Sony produces stunning image-quality for a reasonable price. A number of factors make this a great camera to consider for recording interviews.

Sony has crammed plenty of choice into the video and audio recording controls on the A6000. A wide variety of frame rates, codecs and audio options are available. This should give you plenty of versatility when working in a variety of different interviewing scenarios.

The button layout is refreshingly intuitive on this model; it won’t take you long at all to get up to speed. Chances are, you’ll also want to occasionally take photos with your new piece of kit. Fortunately, the A6000 is a phenomenal still-image camera that’s capable of taking beautiful photos with minimal effort.


  • A fantastic “all-rounder” camera
  • From Sony’s brilliant line of mirrorless cameras
  • Reasonably priced considering the feature set


  • The standard kit lens doesn’t have a zoom ring

10. Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II

The 20.4 megapixel live MOS sensor on this mirrorless camera packs more than enough punch for even the most demanding interview environment. This Olympus camera comes with an auto focus system that frankly embarrasses a huge proportion of the competition.

121 cross-type auto focus points lock onto your subject and keep them crystal clear for every second of your video. This is particularly useful if you’re interviewing someone who gesticulates or moves around a lot when they’re talking.

The quad-core image processor on this camera does a phenomenal job of producing picture-perfect results time after time. A camera like this doesn’t come cheap, but it’s worth it in our opinion. Videos are recorded in full HD and have impressive levels of color accuracy and resolution.


  • Fantastic onboard image processing
  • High-end focus and shooting features
  • Compact form factor


  • High-end features come with a higher price


Preparing Your Interview Setup

The best video camera in the world will still let you down if you haven’t put any thought into your setup. A huge component of successful video recording is being prepared. Your main questions should be:

  • Is my subject (interviewee) comfortably in frame and in focus?
  • Can the questions and answers in my video be heard clearly?
  • Have I kept distractions to a minimum?

These questions are designed to get you thinking about what you’ll need to get right if your camera is going to produce good results for you.


Even the most premium camera will benefit from a tripod, or at least a level surface, in an interview scenario. The vast majority of interviews take place in a static, seated location. For this reason, you don’t need the flexibility that comes with holding your camera in your hand.

Double-check the compatibility of any camera you’re considering. You might need a hot shoe mount to get your tripod to fit. A stable camera is an effective interview camera.

External Microphone

An external microphone is definitely worth considering. Even some of the best cameras for interviews will need some extra support when it comes to audio recording. If you’re planning on making a career out of conducting interviews, then an external microphone is a must.

The main content of any interview is the words that are being exchanged. For this reason, getting your audio crisp and clear should be your top priority. Ask yourself if a microphone attached to your camera will be enough.

It might be worth using a dedicated mic that your interviewee wears instead.


Some interview cameras offer good low light results, but in general you’ll need to light your room or environment effectively. Consider the shadows your lighting setup is likely to cast and adapt to make sure everything is perfect. A dimly-lit room isn’t conducive to a killer interview!

Consider the standard three-point lighting setup and see how you can tweak your environment to get the perfect video.

Final Thoughts

The best interview camera is the one that meets your needs. It’s great to have ambitions, but you should buy the equipment that best fits your current situation. It’s no good spending over a grand on a new piece of kit if you’re just starting out.; interview filming is a relatively simple process.

It’s a static shooting environment with minimal changes. Your main concerns should be audio results and decent lighting. A budget camera can do very well in this scenario.

That being said, you want to make sure you’re buying a camera that has the potential to grow with you. If you think your career in interviewing has legs, a hyper-budget camera will show its price pretty quickly. A camera with an interchangeable lens system is a great way to go in our opinion.

The ability to switch lenses and update your kit with them further down the line breathes a whole lot of versatility into your approach. In this case, we recommend picking up one of the mirrorless or DSLR cameras from the list above and buying more premium lenses as and when you need them.

If your interviewing is more of a one-off or every-now-and-then scenario, the budget options from this page will serve you very well.

Whichever camera you choose, we hope you have fun using it!

Best Lens for Real Estate Photography: 6 Picks

Real estate photography can make or break a sale. For many real estate photographers, it all comes down to the lenses they use. Capturing stunning property photos is an art, and the wrong lens can let you down. This page explores some of the best lenses out there.

We also discuss some of the things to look out for when shopping. If you’re a real estate photographer or run your own photography business, make sure you read through this guide. We’re here to help you find the best lens for real estate photography.

Best Lens for Real Estate Photography

In our opinion, these are the best lenses for real estate. They all deliver beautiful, wide-angle images with minimal distortion.

1. Nikon 16-35mm F4G ED

The wide focal range of this lens makes it perfect for real estate photography. You’ll be able to capture the whole room just by standing in the corner. This lens is ideal for houses with a variety of different lighting conditions; the ISO range gives you plenty of flexibility.

Estate agents on the move will appreciate the built-in noise reduction technology which delivers minimal distortion for your shots. The exceptionally high optical performance and picture angle make this an excellent candidate for best real estate photography lens.


  • Great focal range
  • Perfect for real estate photography
  • Delivers exceptionally high image quality


  • The autofocus can be a little slow

2. Canon EF 17-40mm f/4L USM

This is one of the best options for real estate photography both inside and outside the property. The reasonable price tag on this Canon EF comes with plenty of bang for your buck. Canon’s “super UD” glass boosts optical performance and prevents chromatic aberration.

The focal length of 17-40mm provides plenty of wiggle room for wide-angle shots. Real estate photography involves a huge number of different subjects. Estate agents need photographers who can focus in quickly. The ultrasonic motor focus system on this zoom lens makes it easy to produce razor-sharp real estate photos with excellent image quality.


  • Ultra-wide-angle for beautiful interior shots
  • Produces beautiful, high-quality images
  • Generous focal length


  • The shutter speed isn’t the best; it’s a little on the slow side

3. Sony FE 12-24mm f/4G

This ultra-wide lens is built for the Sony full-frame camera range. It’s ideal for real estate photography for a number of reasons. A wide-angle lens makes it easy to capture a room in all its glory. The focal length on this model gives you tonnes of space to work with.

This lens offers a level of quality that’s hard to beat. The nano AR coating, phenomenal autofocus and 7-blade circular aperture deliver high-quality real estate shots every time. This is one of the best options out there for real estate photography.


  • Stunning full-frame shots
  • Ultra-fast autofocus
  • Handles different lighting conditions well


  • Doesn’t play nicely with some third-party filters

4. LAOWA 10-18 mm F/4.5-5.6 FE

This is a great option for real estate photography. The auto and manual focus options here deliver an excellent level of control for your photos. This is another lens on our list with a full-frame field of view. This is a popular choice for real estate photographers, as it makes it easier to capture the full details of a property.

The build quality is excellent and should last through hundreds of property shoots. You may need a Sony lens mount for this one.


  • High-quality, full-frame shots
  • One of our favorite wide-angle lenses


  • The zoom / aperture rings are a little stiff

5. Sigma 12–24mm f/4 HSM Art

This zoom lens offers a lot of what estate agents are looking for in their photos. Sigma’s lens is ideal for larger, sprawling properties with lots of space to capture. The image quality here is remarkable. The manufacturer promises 0 distortion from the centre of your images right to its very edges.

Distortion is a problem in any photo, but in real estate – it’s enemy number one. Capturing accurate images that celebrate the beauty of a property is made difficult by unwanted distortions. This addition to your kit can be mounted on either a Canon or Nikon camera; just make sure you pick the right model before wasting your money.


  • Distortion-free real estate shots
  • Compatible with either Canon or Nikon
  • Huge wide-angle photos


  • Far from the cheapest option on our list

6. Tokina AT X PRO

The three, ultra-low-dispersion elements on this lens bring a staggering level of color accuracy to your photography. The bright, bold colors in your property will be represented accurately and beautifully. Your wide-angle shots will be crisp and sharp every time thanks to the powerful manual-focusing system.

The aperture range is f/2.8 to f/22, which should give you plenty of flexibility whether you’re taking interior or exterior shots.


  • Brilliant color accuracy
  • A versatile and flexible lens for properties of all sizes
  • Truly shines when taking landscape shots


  • Flares quite easily in direct sunlight

Factors to Consider

Great real estate images can add thousands of dollars to the value of a property. If you’re interested in this type of photography, it’s important you know what to look for. Throwing a thousand bucks at any old lens won’t cut it.


You may have noticed that wide-angle lenses rule the roost when it comes to real estate photography. It’s all about making the rooms look as large and spacious as possible. A wide-angle lens will make it easy to capture the whole room without much difficulty. Some models have a frame of view wider than the human eye is able to perceive!

The best lens for real estate snaps is a wide-angle lens.

Zoom Lenses

Rooms come in all shapes and sizes. For this reason, you’ll need a lens for real estate that can adapt to each property. A zoom lens lets you set different focal lengths on the fly without having the fumble around with other lenses. To clarify, a zoom lens and a wide-angle lens aren’t mutually exclusive; one lens can be both.

Tilt-Shift Lens

A tilt-shift lens will allow you to conveniently “crop out” unwanted elements on the fly. Say you’re taking photos of a particular room and a smoke alarm or light fixture is ruining the shot. Using tilt-shift will help you avoid these elements by “tilting” or “shifting” them out of view.

Reduced Distortion

Blurry photos are a huge red flag in real estate photography. If you can’t get clear images of the building, then how are potential buyers supposed to trust what you’re offering? The best lens for this kind of work will deliver minimal distortion on all of your images.

Prime vs Zoom

To understand which of the two is the best lens for real estate photography, it’s necessary to explain what each lens is capable of.

A prime lens is a more compact, lighter option that usually delivers a high level of sharpness and image quality. These are important factors to look for in property photography. The drawback of prime lenses is that they’re fixed at one specific focal length.

This means that if you want to get any closer to your subject, you’ll have to physically move closer while holding your camera. When you consider the number of potential obstacles and limitations that exist from room to room, this is far from ideal

When buying a lens for real estate images, pick an option that can zoom for you. You’ll be able to get gorgeous wide shots and accurate close-up shots without moving from where you’re standing.

Manual vs Auto-Focusing

The choice you make here will depend on the type of photographer you are and the style of photography you value.

If you often find yourself dashing from property to property with no time at all to waste, autofocus is going to matter a lot to you. Using an auto setting will sacrifice some “punch” and detail in favor of speed.

A good camera and lens will focus quickly and accurately. It’s worth mentioning though, that there are a few scenarios where an automatic setting might not be good enough. In low contrast environments, autofocus can fall short, as it struggles to differentiate between objects in the room.

For spaces with a lot of backlighting, some manual tweaking may be necessary. Low light conditions are also not the best for autofocus; images can come out grainy and blurry. If the room you’re shooting is very “busy” with loads of different objects, the auto setting might have trouble deciding what to lock in on.

If you know what you’re doing, manual focus gives you ultimate control over your photography. You want your property pictures to be the best they can be, so tweaking to perfection is worth it if you have the time. The best lens for real estate photography will have great systems for both manual and auto focusing.



A good real estate photographer with the right wide-angle lens can add thousands to a property’s value. Getting this type of photography right is important. The best lens for your real estate images will probably be a wide-angle zoom lens with great distortion-reducing features.

Sony, Canon and Nikon consistently offer good lenses for real estate. Other third-party options do exist, so use the factors we outline in this guide to make an informed decision. Double-check that any lens you consider:

  • Handles most light conditions well
  • Has a wide field of view
  • Can zoom well while maintaining a high resolution
  • Can tilt-shift
  • Is compatible with your camera

No matter which lens you choose, we hope you have fun shooting with it!

Canon 7D vs 7D Mark II: Two DSLRs Compared

The Canon EOS 7d was originally released in September of 2009 and swiftly became a firm favorite of photographers everywhere. At the time, it was touted as one of the best APS-C DSLRs on the market. Virtually all of its features brought something new and exciting the the table.

The dynamic range, low-light shots, shutter speed and autofocus system were all exceptional. It remains a decent mid/ entry-level camera to this day. As of 2014, there’s been a new Canon-kid on the block. The Canon 7d mark II brought an update to the format with some bumps in specs compared to the original 7d.

How significant was this update? Is the 7d mark II worth the extra money? This will depend on the type of photos you take and the budget you’re working with. This page will pit the Canon 7d vs 7d mark II in an attempt to make the picture clearer.

Canon EOS 7D Mark II Digital SLR Camera (Body Only)

Canon 7d vs 7d Mark II: Key Differences

The mark II and the original 7d share plenty of similarities, but there are some key differences to consider. The most obvious of these are the body, feature set, and sensors.

Body Comparison

The difference in build between the mark II and the original 7d isn’t huge. Both have weather sealing for protection against moisture and dust, use the same lens mount and use virtually the same button layout too. The two notable differences with the mark II are:

  • The mark II is a little larger and heavier (around 2- 3%).
  • The mark II lasts for approximately 670 shots on a single charge vs 800 on the older 7d Canon.

This is a significant drop in battery life that’s worth paying attention to. Of course, this doesn’t tell the whole story, as a boost to image quality will make up for fewer shots for some people.

Canon EOS 7d: Dimensions and Weight

External Measurements: 148 x 111 x 74 mm (5.83 x 4.37 x 2.91″)

Weight: 860 g (1.90 lb)

Canon EOS 7d Mark II Dimensions and Weight

External Measurements: 149 x 112 x 78 mm (5.87 x 4.41 x 3.07″)

Weight: 910 g (2.01 lb)

Remember that the weight of your camera body isn’t the only important factor; the lenses you use will change the size and weight of your setup significantly.

Canon 7d vs 7d Mark II: Features

For many, this is what makes or breaks the decision to buy a camera. So what’s changed with the 7d mark II vs the Canon 7d?

The Similarities

  • Both feature a live-view, full-frame LCD (the 7d mark II has a higher screen resolution)
  • Both feature a similar built-in flash
  • The physical control panel is mostly unchanged

The 7d Mark II has Improved Video Recording

When the first 7d was released, APS-C settings for high dynamic range were still growing and hadn’t reached the maturity users enjoy today. In the 5 years that passed between the 7d and the mark II, Canon significantly improved video quality, versatility and features.

Higher-end compression formats on the mark II make a huge difference to productivity and quality. The newer model uses ALL-I compression. This means that all of the frames that are captured are treated as key frames, resulting in the best possible video quality. This is a huge jump compared to the Canon 7d, that used choppier IPP compression.

Another new format on the II is IPB compression. This produces smaller file sizes than ALL-I while maintaining a much better resolution than IPP. Having a choice of format for video compression adds a significant boost to the versatility of the Canon 7d mark II.

Other changes to the video experience include:

  • Higher framerate options (60 frames per second)
  • Uncompressed HDMI output
  • Timecode support
  • Silent movie mode
  • Distortion correction for videos

Both cameras record in a resolution of either 1080p or 720p. If you’re hoping for 4k video, you’re better off elsewhere.

The Mark II Canon 7d has More Processing Power

Continuous shooting speed, ISO performance, color depth and accuracy all get a huge bump vs the older Canon 7d. The original dual DIGIC processors have been through a couple of generational iterations since 2009. Back then, the processing on the 7D was remarkable considering its sensor size.

Today, the 7d mark II pushes that boat out further. It features more powerful processing than even the ultra-premium Canon 1D X. We see a significant boost here in ISO: 100-16 000. This can also be boosted to 51 200. Low light ISO environments are no match for this machine.

The original burst speed of 8fps on the 7d has been bumped to 10fps on the 7d mark II. It’s now also possible to shoot continuous shots silently at 4ps on the newer model. This feature was absent on the Canon 7d. The 7d mark II Canon has a significantly improved buffer capacity. When taking continuous shots, there’s the capacity for 31 RAW shots or 1090 JPEG images. This is an astronomical jump from the older Canon 7d.

The authentic RGB metering sensor on the newer Canon 7d has around 150,000 pixels. This allows for much more accurate color correction and color depth. This is an improvement on even the more expensive mark III 5d and 1dX. The II uses more advanced infrared metering.

Other Improvements on 7d Canon Mark II

There are a number of other notable improvements on the 2014 model:

  • A dedicated sensor phase-detection system
  • Anti-flicker option for more accurate exposure
  • Dual card slots for double the memory card capacity
  • Built-in GPS and compass
  • Better contrast detection when autofocusing
  • Significantly more focus points when autofocusing
  • An added headphone jack for audio monitoring
  • The included kit lens has a wider field of view
  • A larger, more powerful sensor

Canon 7d vs Canon EOS 7d Mark II: Sensors Compared

The size of a camera’s sensor is one of the most important factors for determining image quality. The larger the sensor, the larger the pixels. Bigger sensors also have better low-light sensitivity, color accuracy and dynamic range. It goes without saying that a better sensor usually comes with a higher price.

Both models use an APS-C sensor, but the 1st-generation 7d’s sensor is smaller. The mark II increases the sensor area by 1%. Both cameras have a format factor of 1.6 and an aspect ratio of 3:2. The real strength of the newer 7d is the processing speed and power that comes with the updated chipset.

This takes advantage of the small bump in sensor size and dramatically improves performance.


To be honest, connectivity options could be better on both cameras. There are a few small differences in connectivity.

Original Canon 7d

  • Wi-fi: No
  • HDMI: Yes
  • GPS: Optional extra
  • NFC: No

Newer Canon 7d

  • Wi-fi: No
  • HDMI: Yes
  • GPS: Built-in, comes as standard
  • NFC: No

Canon 7d Pros

It’s no surprise that the mark II comes with some significant improvements. After all, the models are 5 years apart! There are still some areas where the original Canon 7d holds its own. For entry-level and even mid-level photographers, it’s still worth considering.

Battery Life

The Canon 7d lasts longer on a single charge than its successor. The older model can tackle around 800 shots before needing a charge. This is approximately 170 more images than the updated 7d.


As the original 7d has been around for 5 years, the price has dropped significantly. The huge popularity of the original model also means that repair and maintenance is likely to be affordable as well.

While the processing power is certainly lower on this model, the sensor is not significantly different. This makes for a compelling package at a more affordable price point.

7d Mark II Pros

The new mark II Canon EOS camera brings some significant improvements and advantages over its older brother.

  • Higher Resolution. The increase in sensor size is relatively small, but it does take the quality and resolution up a notch. Linear resolution is boosted by 6%.
  • Faster Continuous Shots. The Canon 7d mark II can blast out excellent shots at 10 frames per second.
  • Better image processing. JPEGS, RAW files and video formats have all been improved for better quality and compression.
  • Improved low light ISO. The newer 7d produces better images in low light conditions.
  • Bigger ISO range. A bigger ISO range makes the mark II more versatile for a variety of lighting conditions.
  • Boosted live view autofocus. The dedicated phase detect and updated sensor make for a better autofocus experience. The resolution of the full-frame LCD has also improved.
  • A headphone jack. This makes it easier to pay attention to audio when recording.
  • More cross type autofocus points. This dramatically improves both speed and accuracy.
  • Better af tracking. Moving images are much easier to capture.

In general, the age and processing of the newer Canon 7d make it a more worthwhile purchase if you’re looking for longevity.

Best Application for Each Camera

If you’re an amateur photographer looking for a powerful entry camera, the 7d still holds its own in many areas. The fantastic ergonomics, weather sealing and 100% full-frame coverage are still sought after in 2020. The control panel is very customizable and can be tweaked to your heart’s content.

This is excellent for beginners who are yet to learn how they prefer to change their settings. The 7d might let you down if the following are important to you:

  • Noise performance in higher ISO settings. Images from the 7d in this context can be a little distorted.
  • Ultra-fast autofocusing. The 7d is a little sluggish compared to newer options.
  • Capturing moving subjects. There’s no dedicated focus system for moving subjects.
  • Video recording. The compression and processing of the 7d are now quite outdated.

The improved processing, powerful autofocus and speedy burst mode on the newer 7d mark II are hard to ignore. If you can afford the increased price, there’s plenty to enjoy here for a professional photographer. If you need a camera that can stand up to a multitude of lighting conditions, this might be the better option for you.

The ISO range has jumped significantly with the mark II. Video recording and continuous shooting are two more areas where it’s definitely worth stretching for the newer 7d. The anti-flicker technology and increased number of focus points make the updated 7d much better at capturing dynamic, moving subjects.



It should come as no surprise that the newer II Canon EOS 7d comes with significant improvements over its older brother, the Canon 7d. This doesn’t mean that the older model isn’t worth considering though; if you’re a beginner on a budget, the 7d still packs a lot of power in the right contexts.

If continuous shooting, video recording or color depth are deal breakers for you, then the mark II is your best bet. In the same way that the original 7d was a tempting alternative to the 5d mark II, the newer 7d II is a challenger to Canon’s own 5d mark III. The main difference is the size of the sensor.

The image processor and other features are similar.

The main thing is to closely consider your requirements. There’s no point splashing out on a more expensive camera if you’re a beginner hobbyist with tonnes to learn. In that same vein, a sub-par setup can let you down in professional environments. Whichever camera you choose, we hope you have fun shooting with it!

Best DSLR Under $1000: Top 10 Picks and Reviews

It’s tough to beat the versatility and power of DSLR cameras. For many applications, they’re the best camera to use. If you’re reading this page, you’ve probably already realized their main drawback. They’re pretty expensive, right? We’ve compiled a list of the best DSLR cameras that sit comfortably under the $1000 mark.

Getting quality images doesn’t have to cost the earth! We’ve tried to find a good range of sub-$1000 cameras to help you figure out which is the best DSLR for you. We also outline the main features to consider when shopping around

Best DSLR Under $1000: Our Top Picks

The following is our top picks to help you find the best DSLR for your budget.

1. Nikon D5600

The 24.2 megapixel sensor on this camera has a decently wide ISO range of 100-25,600. This should give you plenty of flexibility for both low-light and well-lit environments. The D5600 can be connected to a smartphone or tablet for quick and easy file transfers. Each shot is transferred as you take it!

The intelligent, low-energy Bluetooth used for this connection has minimal impact on battery life. The 3.2-inch LCD screen has excellent viewing angles and a solid 95% frame coverage. This is one of the best options out there for affordable, high-quality shots.


  • A great camera for buttery-smooth, HD video
  • The ISO range is fairly wide
  • Deep, ergonomic grip


  • The continuous shooting speed (5 frames per second) could be higher

2. Canon EOS 2000D

This is a versatile camera body that can fit a wide range of different lenses. If you’re looking for a camera under 1000 that can grow with you, this is a great buy. It’s easy to take beautiful images with background blur. The Canon EOS 2000d is remarkably comfortable to hold. You shouldn’t have much trouble adjusting your settings on the fly.

We’d describe this as an excellent entry-level camera for beginners. The price is way below $1000 and it’s got plenty of flexibility for new lenses down the road.


  • Easy to get that classic “background blur” look
  • Super affordable
  • Great autofocus system for effortlessly sharp images


  • Some lighting accessories may need adapters to fit properly

3. Pentax 12049 K-5 IIs

The weatherproof body of this option from Pentax has 77 independent seals. This DSLR should stand up to the elements fairly well. The ISO range is 80-51,201, meaning shooting should be easy whether in daylight or low light. The continuous shooting speed of 7 frames per second is decent and will capture plenty of images very quickly.

Image blur and noise are helped considerably by the built-in image optimization that comes as standard. The manual focus settings will give you fine control over each and every image. The bright, clear LCD screen gives a virtually full-frame view of your images.


  • High-speed burst shots
  • Compact body that’s easy to carry with you
  • Great weatherproofing


  • The contrast settings can be a little fiddly

4. Canon EOS Rebel T7

A budget-friendly alternative to the more premium Canon EOS Rebel T7i.

This is one of the best options on our list if connectivity matters to you. The Rebel T7 comes with built-in Wi-fi and NFC technology that makes it effortless to connect to additional devices like smartphones and tablets. The 21.4 megapixel image sensor on this device is great at capturing beautiful, full HD videos and images.

The autofocus system is ultra-fast and keeps each image crisp. This is another phenomenal entry-level camera.


  • Great built-in Wi-fi and NFC connectivity
  • Live coverage from the LCD screen
  • Stunning full HD shots and videos


  • The flash doesn’t play well with non-Canon triggers

5. Nikon D7100

The 51 point autofocus on this Nikon DSLR is a standard that’s suitable for both professionals and hobbyists. Rapid and precise focus like this isn’t available on all budget DSLRs, so it’s worth considering closely. A lot of thought and care have gone into the build and feature set of this device.

This camera comes with dual SD card slots for increased capacity. Photos can be saved in both RAW and JPEG formats simultaneously for more versatility when editing. There are a number of built-in effects that can be applied to your shots. They’re surprisingly effective and can be a great cheat for quick touch-ups on the fly.

This is an exceptionally powerful camera with a surprisingly compact body and equally small price.


  • Full HD movies and images
  • Powerful image sensor
  • Professional level autofocus


  • It’s not the cheapest option on our list

6. Olympus Evolt E520

This is an ultra-affordable option for an entry-level camera. Don’t be fooled by the price though; there are a number of handy features that make this worth considering. The included face-detection and shadow-reduction technologies allow for a clean, slick finish for your images. The 10-megapixel CMOS sensor is more than enough for high-quality photo prints.

The LCD screen is designed with convenience in mind. When shooting with the Evolt E520, the live view image of your photo updates in real time. Press down halfway on the shutter button and watch your composition come into focus on the screen.

This is the most affordable camera on our list. You won’t be shooting 4k video on this thing, but it’s perhaps the best option for beginners on a budget.


  • Best price on our list
  • Lightweight, ergonomic design
  • Included shake reduction technology


  • Sometimes struggles in low light conditions

7. Canon EOS REBEL SL3

This model sits comfortably between Canon’s T7 option (number 4 on this list) and their more high-end EOS Rebel T7i. If you’re looking for a bump up from the T7 without breaking the bank, this might be for you. The price is still well under $1000 and there’s a slew of premium features on offer.

This is a wonderful starter option for those who need to capture high-quality 4k video. The vari-angle touch screen LCD provides a convenient live view of your subject. The 9 point autofocus system captures razor-sharp, stunning images, and Canon’s “creative assist” feature makes it refreshingly easy to tweak settings on the fly.

The form factor for this model is one of the best we’ve seen considering the price point. It’s the smallest EOS DSLR camera to date!


  • Built-in Wi-fi and Bluetooth functionality
  • Stunning video and image capacity
  • Convenient vari-angle LCD


  • Non-Canon flash accessories might not work

8. Nikon D3500

Nikon boasts that this model is as easy to use as a point-and-shoot camera. This will be a relief to users who are brand new to photography. If you can take photos with a smartphone, you can use this Nikon. You only need to look briefly at the features on offer here to realize that this DSLR is far more powerful than your average compact.

Shooting 1080p, high-quality videos or stunning HD images is a breeze with the intelligent auto mode. Nikon is well known for delivering excellent image processing with their cameras. The D3500 is no exception. The colors and details should pop image after image. High-speed burst shots maintain full resolution at five frames per second.

This is probably the best camera on this page when it comes to ease of use.


  • Excellent price considering the number of features
  • Easy-to-use design for simple shooting
  • Great image and video processing


  • No built-in Wi-fi

9. Sony A77II

When it comes to speed, this offering from Sony is one of the best. Cameras with a shooting speed of 8fps or more are generally considered to be fast machines. The A77II comes with a whopping 12 frames per second for lightning-fast shots. Definitely consider this one if you regularly capture moving subjects.

Other features include a sensor size of 24.3 megapixels that’s capable of delivering stunning images with crisp details. Sharing images is quick and easy thanks to the built-in connectivity features. The subject tracking and image stabilization features make this a great option for beginners and even more experienced photographers.


  • Great sensor size for stunning images
  • Excellent phase detection autofocus keeps even moving subjects in focus
  • Remarkable video performance


  • Getting the right exposure can be tricky when using the included flash

10. Nikon D5200

Last, but certainly not least, is the Nikon D5200. This packs in plenty of power and features for beginners. Video recording is set at 30 frames per second in 1080p. The contrast and colors are worth a mention here; they’re stunning. A live view is provided with the handy vari-angle LCD.

Nikon’s brilliant image processing and quality features are in full force here. Images are sharp, punchy and bold nearly every time. The standard ISO range is 100-6400 but can be boosted to 25,600 for improved light flexibility. This is another camera under 1000 with great connectivity features. Transferring your images from your camera is quick and easy.


  • Great compatibility with Nikon lenses
  • The dynamic autofocus is pretty speedy
  • Convenient connectivity features


  • It might be tricky to tweak manual settings if you’re a beginner

What to Look for When Buying a DSLR Camera

There’s plenty to consider when finding a camera that’s right for you. One of the best ways to avoid disappointment is to learn as much as you can about what to look for. The best cameras aren’t necessarily the most expensive ones!


DSLR cameras are known for their lightning-fast shutter speeds. You should be able to take image after image rapidly. This is usually referred to as burst shooting or continuous shooting. A good fps (frames per second) to look for is 8 or above. A lower fps doesn’t have to be a deal-breaker, but it’s worth going higher if you can.

If you take photos of moving subjects, a higher fps will help you capture a good image.

ISO Range

The ISO range affects how sensitive your camera sensor is to light. A higher ISO is best suited for low-light shots, while a lower ISO is better for brightly lit environments. You should look for a DSLR camera with a high range for increased flexibility.


It might sound superficial, but it’s actually quite important. A good camera should be quick to shoot and quick to adjust. If your controls are awkwardly placed, you could miss your chance on a time-sensitive image. Look for cameras with ergonomic, convenient designs.

Water Sealing

Weather, or water, sealing will protect your camera from moisture and dust. These devices are not cheap, so it’s worth spending a little extra if it means your camera will stay working for longer. The risks of water damage are obvious, but dust can be an even bigger hazard. Dust in the wrong place can cause infuriating spots on your images.

In some cases this dust can be near impossible to remove effectively, so it’s best to choose a camera that comes with some protection.

Wi-Fi Functions

Cameras with built-in Wi-fi can make sharing your images a whole lot easier. A few years ago, this was a more obscure, premium feature. In 2020, it’s a common DSLR staple that you should look out for. Wi-fi features let you quickly transfer files from your device and can often upload your shots directly to social media.

Image Quality

As a general rule, a DSLR camera has a larger body with more internal space. This makes it possible to house a larger, high-quality sensor. Look for a megapixel rating of around 24 or higher to improve your image quality.


Most of the cameras on this list come with a kit lens. This is a fairly standard lens with a focal length that works for most typical shots. The magic of a DSLR is that you can play around with a huge spectrum of different lenses. Adding extra equipment to your kit isn’t the cheapest thing in the world, but it can really elevate your photography. Buying a more versatile DSLR now gives you the flexibility to expand when you can afford to later.

Good Manual Controls

When shooting with a DSLR, you’ll come to realize how powerful manual controls can be. Look for models that make it easy to control your settings for each image. Some more affordable options only offer manual settings, so double check if you’re a beginner.

Mirrorless vs DSLR

When searching for the best camera to buy, many beginners stumble across the “mirrorless camera vs DSLR camera” debate. Both are great for different contexts and it’s helpful to understand the difference. The lens on a DSLR uses an angled mirror that reflects an image onto the viewfinder.

The user can then look at the viewfinder and see the subject in real time. A mirrorless camera, as you may have guessed, doesn’t use any mirrors at all.

Instead, it uses a digital process to share what the sensor is seeing on the viewfinder. This process requires much less space than a DSLR, so mirrorless options tend to be lighter and more compact.

DSLR is a more mature format than other options. As a result, there are far more lens types and accessories available for most cameras.


DSLR Advantages

So why lug a DSLR around when there are more compact and affordable options available? Even smartphones have phenomenal compact sensors in 2020. We outline some of the advantages to these cameras below.


One of the most obvious advantages of this kind of camera is the sheer variety of available lenses. Depending on your sensor, a DSLR can be a powerful tool for virtually any photography scenario. There are options for close-up shots, wide angles and many many more.

A compact, point-and-shoot camera has to be a jack of all trades. A DSLR can lean on the power of each individual lens. As DSLR is a mature photography format, there are tonnes of choice from brands like Nikon and Canon.


A good DSLR with a decent sensor usually comes with fantastic autofocus. It’s easier to get sharp, clear images with a good DSLR. Extra features like phase detection, that reduces the noise from moving subjects, further add to the weight behind DSLRs.


The viewfinder on most cameras of this kind is optical. This is a more “natural” live view of your subject and is preferred by most professionals.


The maturity of the format means that brands have had a long time to develop a suite of fantastic extra features. Subject tracking, facial recognition, wireless connectivity, image stabilization the list goes on. These cameras are versatile and the number of lens options and extra features continues to grow.


Finding the “best” DSLR cameras is no simple task. There’s a mountain of different factors to consider. It’s worth remembering that more expensive doesn’t necessarily equate to better. It’s so easy to spend money when buying photography equipment, so it’s a good idea to closely consider what you need out of a new camera.

If you often capture moving subjects, you’ll place a premium on a high shooting speed and features like phase detection. Someone who takes photos for personal prints will need a different lens and sensor than someone who captures shots that will be used for billboards!

If you do a lot of video recording, the cameras you consider will be different from someone who mostly takes macro shots. Consider your requirements when reading through our guide. Make choices that fit your budget and your needs. The great thing about the best DSLR cameras is that they can grow with you!

Make sure the camera and sensor are robust enough to keep up over the next several years. The recommendations on this page should help. Whatever camera you choose, we hope you enjoy each and every photo you take with it!

Extension Tubes vs Macro Lens: Which is better for your use case?

When you need to get close to the subject and maintain a sharp focus, it’s hard to beat a good macro lens. Their focusing distance and 1:1 magnification make it easy to get the shots you’re after. The thing is, even the most affordable macro lenses can cost a few hundred dollars.

Not everyone can afford to splash out on a new lens, especially if they’re new to the field. Buying the right equipment for your kit is important if you need to produce excellent images, but a lens isn’t the only way to go. If you’re taking photos of small subjects with a close working distance, you may be able to use an extension tube.

Many photographers use extension tubes to produce images with similar results to macro lenses. So what’s the difference? Does using a cheaper option always deliver a lower image quality? What about focal lengths? Which is the right one to get if you’d like to get in closer?

There a few things you’ll need to know before going out and buying a macro lens or extension tube for your camera. The goal of this post is to help you make the right decision.

macro-photoExtension Tubes vs Macro Lenses

So what’s an extension tube? Extension tubes, or rings, are hollow cylinders that you mount between the front of your camera and your lens.

These tubes often come with no extra optics, bells or whistles and are therefore a cheap and cheerful option. Plenty of third-party models exist for extension tubes, and they’re becoming increasingly popular among those who need to get closer to their subject.

There are two main types of extension tubes available. The first and most affordable option is a non-electronic tube. These don’t keep any form of connection between the body of your device and your lens. Unfortunately, this makes it less convenient to control your setup.

The second option is an extension tube with electrical contacts that keep your device and lens connected. With these more premium models, you’ll be able to control exposure and focus. You’ll also be able to toggle between manual focus and automatic focus modes.

Macro lenses

What about a macro lens? If you want to guarantee focus at close range and take large photos with excellent image quality, you might like this option. A dedicated macro lens can really elevate your close up photo game. They have a much closer focus range, which allows them to stay sharp even when right next to your subject.

These lenses’ advantages for close up photography are obvious, but there are some applications that many beginners don’t think of. Macro setups are great if you’re into food photography. The close, sharp detail makes capturing a photo of your meal very easy.

Portrait photography in general is made much easier with a macro lens. There are plenty of options out there to add to your kit. It’s worth shopping around to see which ones work for you. As a general rule, the leading names are Canon and Nikon. Each come with their own list of pros and cons. Check out the rest of this site to learn more.

Picking the right macro sensor can be tricky. Years ago, the competition was less fierce, but there’s now a lot of research involved in finding the right option. One of the best tips, in our opinion, is to go with a prime macro lens. There are two variants out there: prime and zoom.

In our opinion, prime lenses usually produce a better image. Technically speaking, a zoom lens isn’t truly macro in the first place. When picking up a macro lens, remember to pay attention to the minimum distance for focusing and reproduction ratio. This will help you get a phenomenal image every time.


How Macro Lenses Work

It’s much harder to maintain a sharp focus with normal camera lenses when moving close to your subject. The focus range isn’t right for macro photography. Every lens has its strengths, but it’s best to use equipment built for the job for close-up shots.

A true macro lens uses a minimum focusing distance that can stay sharp when very close to its subject. Be sure to choose an option with the right focal length. When choosing a macro lens, look for options that have a reproduction ratio of at least 1:1.

A 1:1 ratio means that what you see on the camera sensor or film plate is at least the same size as the real-world subject. So if you’re taking a photo of a flower with a 1-inch diameter, that same flower should be 1-inch across on your camera’s sensor. You’ll be able to focus closer to your target than with other options and achieve the 1:1 ratio that’s so important.

Macro Lenses With APS-C sensors

The thing about picking up photography as a hobby is that it’s a field full of baffling terminology. One moment you’ve decided to buy a shiny camera, and the next, you’re scratching your head, wondering where on earth to start. So what does APS-C actually mean?

Let’s look at the first three letters. APS stands for “advanced photo system.” Years ago, this was a term used to refer to a film format first introduced in 1996. This film format is now discontinued, but the term is still around. The “C” in APS-C stands for classic.

In the world of digital photography, this format is smaller than its original film counterpart. This is why you may see APS lenses referred to as “cropped” sensors. APS-C lenses are still very common. For macro photos, they have some distinct advantages.

These “cropped” sensors offer a higher depth of field. This makes it easier to capture macro images. With the same field of view, an APS-C setup can focus at a much tighter distance than other options. If you’re interested in macro photography, you may want to look at an option using APS-C.

If a dedicated lens is a little out of your price range, an APS-C sensor may be the answer. These are a more budget-friendly option that can boost your setup’s ability to magnify.

How do Extension Tubes Work?

So we’ve already discussed that when using an extension tube to boost your magnification, you mount what is essentially a hollow cylinder between the front of your camera and your lens. This moves your lens much further away from your device than it was before. The result is a setup with a great magnification capacity.

Thanks to this magnifying boost, you’ll be able to take images that are zoomed-in far tighter than before. If you want to add extension rings to your setup, it’s best to choose a lens with a medium to small focal length.

There is a variety of different width and height options available for extension tubes. The dimensions you go with will determine how close you can get with your set up. The dimensions of your optics will also affect things. If you’re shooting with a 50mm lens, you’ll be able to get super close!

If flexibility is what you’re after, a longer 85mm option will give you more wiggle room. The thing you’re shooting won’t look quite as large in your photo, but you’ll have more room to operate in.

Stacking Extension Tubes

It’s also possible to stack one extension tube on top of the other to maximize your magnification. If you think this is the right approach for you, there are a few tips to remember:

  • Use compatible tubes. Not all tubes are designed to play nicely with one another; buy models that fit together.
  • Watch out for light leak. Depending on the setup you use, you may experience unwanted light leaking into your system when taking images.
  • They can be used to “hack” extenders together. If you own multiple extenders that don’t usually fit together, an extension tube can help them fit. There are tutorials out there online if you’re looking for a more custom setup.

Limitations of Extension Tubes

If you use telephoto lenses, an extension tube might not be a great fit. The increase in magnification with a telephoto lens is minimal and would probably be a waste of time to set up. While we’re on the subject, if you like taking a photo of objects way off in the distance, then a tube won’t be a good option.

Thanks to their design, an extension tube ruins your ability to focus on faraway objects. If image quality matters to you, then we think a macro lens is a better option. Extension rings force your lens to focus more closely than it’s supposed to. This will result in lower image quality for each zoomed-in photo.

If you use a zoom lens for your macro photography, you would be better off with a macro sensor. A lens like a zoom lens will lose focus practically every time you zoom in or out. If you’ve used a setup like this before, you know how frustrating this can be.

The final limitation we want to discuss in this article is aperture control. If your setup doesn’t use manual rings, then an extension ring could drive you mad. Your lens aperture will be locked open at the widest setting. This can force an imaginative photo in the right context but can also be frustratingly limiting.

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It’s always tempting to conclude that one option is better than the other. The thing is, though, it totally depends on what you look for when taking an image.

If you’re working within a tight budget, an extension ring could be the right choice. Just be sure to remember the following:

  • If you’re stacking your tubes, use compatible models and watch out for light leak
  • Manual focus will become a nightmare if you’re using a zoom lens
  • The quality of each photo will be decreased thanks to the way extension rings function
  • They’re no good for telephoto setups

If these limitations aren’t a problem for you, add an extension ring to your kit!

If you can afford one, then a macro lens is a phenomenal option. It’s hard to argue with the sharp details they bring to each photo. If you do a lot of food or portrait photography, then this could be the answer. Just remember to pick up a prime lens and choose an option with a 1:1 reproduction ratio.

APS-C vs Full Frame Cameras: Battle of The Sensors

In the world of digital cameras, one very hotly debated topic is APS-C vs full frame sensors. You have proponents of both sensor types swearing by the one they use, and you have people in the middle who have both.

But as someone looking into buying a camera, it’s important to understand the advantages and disadvantages of APS-C and full frame sensors. Yes, full frame does have disadvantages!

The interesting thing about cameras is that one size can fit all, and one size also doesn’t fit all. The answer to everything really is “it depends.”

So while we have a pretty difficult question to answer, we’ll try our best to lay out the facts in front of you. As you go through the post, make a note of what features are important and what you can live without.

In some cases, though, there is one particular difference that may be the clincher for many of us.

What are APS-C and Full Frame sensors, anyway?

APS-C and Full Frame both refer to the sensor, or the component in your camera that actually picks up the light coming in through the lens.

The sensor captures the light and the camera processes it and stores it as an image.

As you can guess, a larger sensor means the camera is capturing more light and more detail.

Full frame sensors are the largest sensors currently available. They’re called full frame because they’re the same size as a full frame of 35mm film. It measures 36 x 24 mm.

All other sensors are known as crop sensors, because they’re smaller than the standard 35mm sensor, and thus “cropped”.

APS-C gets its name from the APS film format, which was a little smaller than the regular 35mm film. APS stands for Advanced Photo System.

The C in APS-C stands for classic, and APS-C sensors measure 23.6 x 15.7mm.

While a full frame sensor is definitely going to capture more light and produce a better image, it’s not always a no-brainer to get a full-frame camera

APS-C vs Full Frame: Pros and Cons

Pixel size and image quality

An obvious advantage that full frame sensors have over APS-C sensors is pixel size. However, that’s not always the case!

Bigger sensors don’t always mean more pixel size. You can find out the size of the pixels by dividing the are of the sensor by the number of pixels.

Bigger pixels are able to capture more light and will result in an image with less noise.

One would assume that ISO performance will also be better by default with larger pixels, but funnily enough, that’s not always the case, either!

The image quality will definitely be better in full frame thanks to less noise, but you’ll be able to tell more in some situations vs others.

For example, full frame cameras do much better in low light than APS-C cameras do. But with adequate lighting, you really may not be able to tell the difference, especially for everyday use and typical prints.

The crop factor

Because APS-C sensors are smaller than full-frame sensors, you can actually get a boost in focal length if you use a lens made for a full-frame camera.

This is because the sensor is actually seeing less of the image than the lens is actually bringing in, so the image appears bigger.

Nikon and Sony use a crop factor of around 1.5, and Canon uses a crop factor of 1.6



Both images above credit: YouTube, Tom Richardson

So if you use a full-frame lens with a focal length of 70-300mm on an APS-C camera, you’re actually getting an effective focal length of 112-480mm.

The crop factor is very useful as a boost for telephoto lenses, but it works in reverse if you’re looking for a wide-angle shot.

If you wanted a wide angle lens and you bought a 10mm lens, you’d actually end up with a 16mm focal length.

Of course, all this only matters if you use a full-frame lens with your APS-C camera. If you use a lens designed to be used with an APS-C sensor, then the focal length written on the lens will be the same focal length you’ll actually get.

You can also use APS-C lenses on full-frame cameras. You just need to be careful of how you mount them because APS-C lenses sit more flush with the camera body and if you’re using a DSLR, that can damage the mirror mechanism.

If you use an APS-C lens on a full-frame camera, the lens will not be able to cover the entire sensor, so the border of the image will be blacked out. Some Nikon and Sony cameras have a crop mode which compensates for this.

If you’re using Canon lenses, EF lenses are full frame and EF-S lenses are APS-C.

Field of view and depth of field

You’ll get a smaller field of view with a crop sensor as opposed to a full frame sensor.

Additionally, full frame sensors have a shallower depth of field, which make them more advantageous for portrait photography and situations where you want to take full advantage of the bokeh effect.

Camera size

Since APS-C sensors are smaller than their full-frame counterparts, it follows that APS-C cameras are also much smaller and more compact than full-frame cameras.

For street photography and the like where you want to be as inconspicuous as possible and want something that does not take up too much space in a backpack, APS-C cameras can be a huge advantage over full frame sensor cameras.

Full frame cameras are generally much bigger in size thanks to the fact that the camera needs to house such a large sensor!

Lately there have been some compact full-frame cameras released, especially in the mirrorless line. These cameras are able to fit a lot of punch into a pretty small package.


As I mentioned at the start of the article, there is one factor above all else that may throw you one way in your decision, and that is cost.

Full frame cameras are significantly more expensive than their APS-C counterparts, which is why you’ll find most professionals opting for full frame sensor cameras.

Hobbyists, amateurs, and semi-professionals may opt to stick to APS-C mainly because of the cost factor. Not only are full frame cameras expensive, but full-frame lenses can be quite expensive too.

With APS-C, you can invest in a less expensive camera to start and then add full-frame lenses when your budget permits.

Do professional photographers use APS-C?

Many professionals are now opting to use APS-C cameras thanks to the huge advantages of lower cost, crop factor, and portability.

Can you use an APS C lens on a full frame?

Yes, you can, but you need to be careful. APS-C lenses sit closer to the camera body than full-frame lenses, so you may inadvertantly damage the mirror mechanism if you are not careful.

Sony and Nikon have a special crop mode where you can tell the camera to ignore the extra unused pixels.

Conclusion: Which is better APS C or full frame?

If you have the money and/or are a professional who needs the absolute best gear, then there is no reason you should not get a full-frame camera.

Full frame cameras do capture much better images overall and have much better low light perforance than cameras with crop sensors.

However, many professionals are now switching to crop APS-C sensors thanks to the smaller camera size and the fact that for many uses, even an APS-C sensor captures really good images.

Best Canon camera with flip out screen: 7 picks

Canon cameras are clearly top of the line as far as digital cameras go. In my experience, Canon colors outperform every other brand.

In this post, I’ve rounded up my picks for the best Canon camera with flip screens.

I’ve chosen cameras from all three types: point and shoot, mirrorless, and DSLR.

My choice for the best Canon flip screen camera is the EOS M50, which also happens to be the camera I use on a daily basis.

Best Canon Camera With Flip Out Screen: 7 picks

1. Canon EOS M50

Canon EOS M50 Mirrorless Vlogging Camera Kit with EF-M 15-45mm Lens, Black

The Canon EOS 50 is my personal choice for the best Canon camera with flip out screen, and it’s the one I use on a day to day basis for photography and videos.

The lcd screen is closed at the default setting, and you can flip it out and lock it back in to use as a regular camera.

When the screen is out, it has a range of motion of 180 degrees, so you can be in front of the camera and still see the screen.

It’s a mirrorless camera, which means it’s compact and can take photos that rival those you can capture using a DSLR. It sports an APS-C CMOS sensor and can take photos of up to 24.1 megapixels.

On the video side, you can shoot 1080p full HD in 30 and 50 FPS, as well as 4K in 30 FPS. The 4K video is significantly more cropped than the 1080p video, but for this price point, it’s not a bad deal.

The autofocus is also quite good. 1080p autofocus is much quicker and more efficient than at 4K, however, and 4K features are somewhat limited.

On the photography side, there are the standard auto, aperture priority, shutter priority, and fully manual modes.

In auto, you can choose to apply a variety of filters to give effects of old school films.

There is a dial on the shoulder which you use to adjust exposure, shutterspeed, and aperture. If you’re in manual mode, you’ll have to hold the up arrow and turn the dial.

Overall photo quality is really good and it’s a lot of fun to take action photos in the burst mode at 10 frames per second.

For this price point, it’s one of the best cameras out there: compact, feature packed, and superb image quality.

It also has built in Wi Fi and NFC for easily transferring photos to your phone for instant sharing.

2. Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark III

Canon PowerShot G7X Mark III Digital 4K Vlogging Camera, Vertical 4K Video Support with Wi-Fi, NFC and 3.0-Inch Touch Tilt LCD, Black

The Canon Powershot G7 X Mark III is an amazing compact camera that packs a huge punch in a really tiny body. We’ve listed it as #2 to round off our top 3 with one mirrorless, one point and shoot, and one dSLR.

First off, it has a large 1 inch CMOS sensor capable of capturing 20.1 megapixel photos. For Canon to be able to fit such a huge sensor in such a tiny body is a big deal!

Next up, the screen. Technically, this is not a flip out screen, but a flip up screen. It articulates 180 degrees up and down, so you can use it when you’re holding the camera high above your head, as well as right it front of you.

When it’s in front of you, the screen will be above the camera body.

The PowerShot G7 is not a mirrorless camera so the lens is fixed. You get a 24-100 mm(4.2x) lens with an aperture of 1.8 to 2.8.

This camera is a great choice for vloggers as you can shoot 4K at 30 FPS and full HD 1080p at up to 120 FPS. The 1 inch sensor also means there will be great low light performance.

Canon has done something interesting with the mode selector dial. The outer ring is exposure compensation, and the inner ring lets you select a variety of modes from Auto, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority, and manual.

You will have to adjust the settings using the menu keys or using the touch screen.

You can also use this camera for live streaming directly with the Canon companion app, and it also has clean HDMI out. Clean HDMI out means it will show the image without any of the overlay you typically see on screen.

Since this is a compact camera, don’t expect as powerful of an autofocus system as you find on mirrorless and DSLR cameras.

Ideally, the Powershot G7 X is a good choice if you’re really into live streaming and you don’t want to have a lot of extra equipment to do so.

Otherwise, the mirrorless and DSLR offerings have more flexibility and better image quality.

3. Canon EOS 80D

Canon Digital SLR Camera Body [EOS 80D] with EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 Image Stabilization STM Lens with 24.2 Megapixel (APS-C) CMOS Sensor and Dual Pixel CMOS AF - Black

The Canon EOS 80D is an excellent all-round dSLR camera.

It sports a 24.2 megapixel APS-C CMOS sensor and can shoot up to 1080p Full HD video. The stock lens comes built in with optical image stabilization that helps remove small unintentional shakes.

The EOS 80D is a DSLR camera with a flip lcd screen that swivels around to lay flush with the back, as well as flipping out and around 180 degrees to face you.

The built-in autofocus system has a 45 point system which makes sure nearly every photo you take is amazingly sharp.

If you’re into action shooting, the EOS 80D has a continuous shooting mode that can take 7 photos per second.

The left shoulder has a mode selector dial with all the modes you would find on a DSLR, and the right shoulder has an grayscale LCD display that shows you basic information like how many shots are left, the ISO, and exposure setting.

By far, though, the most important feature of the EOS 80D is what Canon calls the Intelligent viewfinder. A typical DSLR viewfinder sees what the lens is seeing, but Canon has overlayed a lot of information that you can utilize to take great photos.

4. Canon EOS M200

Canon EOS M200 Compact Mirrorless Digital Vlogging Camera with EF-M 15-45mm Lens, Vertical 4K Video Support, 3.0-inch Touch Panel LCD, Built-in Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth Technology, White

The Canon EOS M200 came a close second to the M50 when I was researching which mirrorless camera to get. The EOS M200 is much cheaper than the M50, but the M50 has a little bit more room to grow with you as you level up.

It sports an APS-C sensor that can take 24.1 megapixel photographs.

As a purely vlogging camera, though, the M200 shines.

It has a 180 degree swiveling screen that you can fit into the back of the camera or flip out and face forwards or backwards.

The interesting thing about the M200 is that all of the mode selection and controls have to be done from the screen itself.

The dial is very minimalist and you can only choose between Auto+, normal photo, and video modes.

There is a menu button on the back side as well as arrow pads for navigation, and the record video button also lives next to the menu button.

Like the M50, the EOS M200 can shoot both 1080p and 4K, though 4K video is cropped. It uses the same autofocus system as the M50, so 1080p focus will be very quick and sharp, and 4K focus will be a little slower.

The M200 is super compact and a great option for traveling and vlogging where you’d be carrying the camera around. You can throw it in a bag and you won’t even notice that it is there.

The only thing that put me off was the lack of an electronic viewfinder and the fact that you had to use the screen for mode changing and adjustments.

I prefer using the viewfinder for photographs.

As I mentioned above, the M200 is a great choice if you’re just starting out with a vlog and you want something that will shoot great video right out of the box without much tinkering, you’ve got yourself a winner with the M200.

The EOS 80D is also available refurbished:

5. Canon EOS Rebel T7i

Canon EOS Rebel T7i US 24.2 Digital SLR Camera with 3-Inch LCD, Black (1894C002)

The Canon EOS Rebel T7i is a great prosumer DSLR camera that shines as a camera with a flip screen.

On the whole, it has an APS-C CMOS sensor that can take photographs up to 24.2 megapixels and can shoot video at full HD 1080p. There’s no 4K in this line, unfortunately.

The Rebel series is a great entry level camera series, so whether you’re just getting into photography and want a good DSLR or you already got your feet wet and want to level up, the Rebel t7i is a good place to start.

The Canon Rebel T7i has all the basic features you’d expect to find in a DSLR camera, however, it’s not quite as advanced as the EOS 80D that you saw above.

One of the ways you can tell is the EOS 80D has an LCD on the shoulder that displays all of the relevant camera settings. This LCD is missing on the Rebel T7i.

You’d have to see all your settings in the touch LCD screen or the viewfinder.

The LCD screen swivels in and out and you can even flip it outwards to the front so you can see yourself as you film.

The guts of the T7i has a DIGIC 7 image processor and a dual pixel autofocus system which is very efficient at changing the focus from one subject to the next. With fast moving objects, it may go back and forth before settling on the correct object, but it’s hardly noticeable.

The ISO range is also quite impressive all the way up to 25,600. Realistically, you will never use 25,600 as the image will be far too noisy, but you can still push up to ISO 6400 with good results.

You can also hook the camera up to your phone using NFC or WiFi for instant sharing on the gram or even to free up some space on your memory card.

6. Canon EOS Rebel SL3

Canon EOS REBEL SL3 Digital SLR Camera with EF-S 18-55mm Lens kit, Built-in Wi-Fi, Dual Pixel CMOS AF and 3.0 Inch Vari-Angle Touch Screen, Black

The Canon EOS Rebel SL3 is an entry level DSLR camera with a flip screen.

It has a generously sized 3 inch screen that flips all the way out to the front for shooting photos of yourself. The screen can also flip 180 degrees for a variety of angles.

This is a very basic DSLR camera and a good entry point for folks looking to get into DSLR cameras or just someone who is looking for a good camera to take family photos.

There are some intelligent shooting modes as well as the standard modes you’d expect to find on any SLR camera.

At the heart of the camera is the DIGIC 8 image processing system which is super fast and efficient.

It has an impressive ISO range of 100 to 25,600, but realistically, you’ll never go beyond 6400 as the photos will become too grainy to be usable.

That being said, the Digic 8 processor is amazing at handling low light situations and you can capture a stunning amount of detail in the toughest lighting.

The APS-C CMOS sensor lets you take 24.1 megapixel photographs.

There’s also a very quick and accurate dual pixel autofocus system that takes much of the effort out of shooting on auto.

If you’re a fan of the optical viewfinder, you’ll be happy to know that you can see all the relevant settings in the viewfidner itself so if you are using manual mode, you can adjust everything you need to without having to pull the camera away from your face.

You can shoot both 4K and 1080p video.

Overall, the camera is very lightweight and super easy to carry around.

It’s not quite as advanced as the EOS 80D you saw above, but for beginners and amateur photographers, it’s a super option that does not break the bank.

7. Canon EOS M6

Canon Mirrorless Camera [EOS M6 Mark II] for Vlogging + EF-M 18-150mm lens + EVF Kit|CMOS (APS-C) Sensor| Dual Pixel CMOS Auto Focus| Wi-Fi |Bluetooth| 4K Video, Silver

The Canon EOS M6 is a great higher end mirrorless Canon model with a flip screen. The screen sits flush at the back and flips upwards.

The EOS M6 has an APS-C CMOS sensor capable of capturing high resolution 32.5 megapixel images. The M6 is similar in design to the M200 in that it’s very compact, but it is a much more advanced model.

The most unique feature is the detachable electronic viewfinder. This brilliant design touch helps keep the camera compact when necessary, yet still giving you the flexibility and precision of a viewfinder when you need it.

The guts of the camera has Canon’s Digic 8 image processor which captures really high quality images. The dual pixel autofocus system also does a great job of keeping your subjects in sharp view all the time.

A mode selector dial lets you switch between standard modes you’d find on a mirrorless or SLR camera. Another dial lets you change the exposure, and the third dial can be used to adjust shutterspeed or aperture depending on the mode you are using.

On the video recording side, you can shoot 4K at 30 FPS and Full HD 1080p at up to 129 FPS.

It has built in Wi Fi and NFC for easy transferring of photographs from your camera to your phone.

The EOS M6 is also available as a refurbished model.

Camera with flip out screen: buyers guide

There are many reasons you would want to get a camera with a flip out screen. Let’s talk about why they’re useful and what other features you need to consider.

Great for vlogs

Arguably the most useful part of having a camera with a flip out screen is to shoot vlogs! Many vloggers are one-man or one-woman teams that set up the camera and sit or work in front of it.

You need to be able to see the shot as you’re taking it, and flip out screens help you achieve just that. You can perfect the framing and composition, as well as make little adjustments here and there.

We’ve noted whether a particular camera model shoots only 1080p or 4K as well so you can easily filter out any cameras that don’t meet your requirements.

Flip out screens are also useful for taking photos from weird angles. When I take videos of my son, for example, I have to hold the camera at my waist height to keep the camera aligned with his height.

By flipping out the screen and articulating it upwards, I can see the shot very easily!

You can use the same principle to shoot subjecs that are taller than you are.

Why choose Canon?

There are many companies out there, but Canon is easily one of the leaders in the market.

They’ve been making cameras for many years and have honed down their craft. It’s no surprise that they release one great camera after the next.

There are the occasional flops, of course, but most of them are superb.

Canon tends to handle colors much better. There is a video on YouTube that compares the Fujifilm X-A7 to the Canon EOS M50 and you can very clearly see that the Canon colors are much more natural.

Canon cameras also tend to have better autofocus systems(though not quite as good as Sony).

Another huge advantage of Canon is the massive variety of available lenses. If you opt for a dSLR, you’ll have immediate compatibility with Canon’s entire ecosystem.

Even if you choose to go mirrorless, a small adapter will let you use any Canon lens on your camera, though specific mirrorless lenses will have a slightly smaller profile.

Size and weight considerations

Size and weight are obviously two very important factors before buying a camera!

This won’t be too much of an issue if you’re setting up an indoor studio, though. If that’s the case and you’re mounting the camera on a tripod to remain in one place for most of the time, you can get away with a bigger dSLR camera.

However, if you plan on carrying the camera around quite a bit, then a dSLR may start to feel a little hefty after some time and you may be tempted to go for mirrorless instead.

Mirrorless cameras have all the advantages of dSLR cameras but packaged into a smaller unit thanks to the absence of the mirror.

With mirrorless you have a fully digital system, where the image you see on screen or in the viewfinder is the image the sensor itself is seeing.

In SLR cameras, the viewfinder will show you what the lens is seeing, not what the sensor is seeing. So you may see a well-lit subject through the viewfinder, but if your aperture and shutterspeed settings are not configured properly, you’ll end up with an over or under-exposed photograph.

For any kind of semi-professional shooting and above, you should definitely stick to mirrorless or a dSLR. Smaller cameras have tiny sensors that don’t capture quite as much light.

The bigger the sensor, the more light comes into the camera(so better low light performance) and the overall image quality will be that much greater.

How to get cameras for cheaper

These cameras are not exactly cheap, so if you’re on a tight buget, it may be worthwhile to consider refurbished models.

Many companies have started to offer factory refurbished models, where the cameras are cleaned, updated, and any parts needing replacement are replaced.

There may be signs of use like scuff marks and scratches on the body, but the internals are all tested and fixed if necessary.

Essentially, the manufacturer puts their stamp of approval stating this product is still good to go.

If you’re a student or on a tight budget, consider checking out refurbished models. Many manufacturers offer them and you may be able to find certain refurbished models on Amazon, too.


There are very few situations in which you can go wrong with choosing a Canon camera. In this day and age, a Canon camera with a flip screen is definitely the most versatile choice that will check the boxes for amateurs and professionals alike.

Remember to narrow your choices down by your use cases and the size and weight of the camera. Size and weight may seem superficial, but if the camera is too inconvenient to take along with you wherever you go, you have an issue on your hands!